Ethogram: Format conforms to directions Ethogram: clear and unambiguous descript

Ethogram: Format conforms to directions
Ethogram: clear and unambiguous description of behaviors
Ethogram: Descriptions are detailed, such that other researchers could score them
Ethogram: Effort was made to categorize variety fo behaviors that were observed
Ethogram: An appropriate number of behaviors are listed
Behavior Budget: Includes date, time, and context where the observations were made
Behavior Budget: Conforms to instruction about table and format
Behavior Budget: Uses behaviors that were listed in ethogram
Behavior Budget: Completed for at least 15 minutes and about of time each behavior was observed
Hypotheses: 3-5 hypotheses are listed
Hypotheses: associated null hypothesis are matched to each main hypothesis
Hypotheses: These match the ethogram and budget
Hypotheses: These are testable hypotheses
2. Observe an individual (or a group, although I’d recommend starting with an
individual) of this species for at least one hour. Try to observe
the same individual continuously for the full time, but this will obviously be more difficult for some species than for others. If you need to, you can make observations across multiple separate occasions or across different individuals. While observing the animal, write down notes on all the behaviors you see it exhibit. Depending on the animal you choose, you may also want to use a voice or video recorder to help you document the full range of its behaviors. You should not attempt to influence or affect the behavior of the animal during your observations.
3. Based on your observations from step 2, develop an ethogram for your species. This ethogram should include clearly defined, unambiguous behaviors that you (or another researcher) could use to evaluate the species that you have chosen to study. Definitions should describe the position of the animal’s body and any movements it makes while performing each behavior. Be careful not to speculate about the purpose of the behaviors at this point! You may also wish to include photographs or drawings of the animal performing each behavior.
4. Next, using your ethogram, observe your species for at least 15 minutes and develop a “behavior budget” that describes how often the animal performs each behavior. Depending on the species you choose, you may use either of two observation techniques:
a) Focal individual sampling: Follow a single individual for the entire 15 minutes. Record all behaviors the individual performs and the time spent performing each.
b) Group scan sampling: At set intervals (e.g. 30 seconds or 1 minute) scan
a group of individuals of the species you have selected and record how many
individuals in the group are performing each of the behaviors you defined on your ethogram.
Record the time of day and the geographical location where you make these observations.
5. Develop 3-5 hypotheses about one or more of the behaviors that you observed. The hypothesis should deal with a reason why the animal that you observed exhibited the behavior or behavioral budget that you documented. You should have both a null and alternative hypothesis.
To Turn In
1. Your ethogram, with clear, unambiguous descriptions of the behaviors you observed. This should be similar to Table 1 in the example paper by Langkilde et al. (2003) or Table 2 in the example paper by MacNulty et al. (2007). The ethogram should be around one page long, but may range between 0.5-1.5 pages depending on the complexity of the behaviors that you observe. The ethogram should be in the format of a list or table.
2. Your animal’s behavior budget, including the date, time, and context in which you made the observations. This should be around a half a page long. The behavior budget should separate from the ethogram and list the behaviors that were observed
during the 15 minute time interval and the amount of time each behavior was observed.
3. A list of your 3-5 hypotheses. Briefly state why you think your hypothesis should apply to this behavior. Your justification may draw on class material because it is typical to justify hypotheses based on what has been observed in other species.

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