A major part of the progressive movement was done at the state and local areas.

A major part of the progressive movement was done at the state and local areas. There was a push to rid what was seen as “corruption” in local politics and one of the major ways progressives pushed for was direct democracy where the people could take back control of their local governments.
There are two readings for this assignment. One reading is a primary source, Boss Plunkitt Defending Honest Graft in New York City. He was part of the Tammany political machine that controlled the New York City government and was accussed (rightfully so) of making sure that he and his friends made money by controlling the local government. The other reading is a primary source by Lincoln Steffens who is a progressive calling for reform of state and local politics.
Questions to answer:
What, according to Plunkitt, is the purpose of government?
What is Plunkitt’s view of good government? Steffens?
Compare Plunkitt’s idea of patriotism with that of Steffens.
Compare Plunkitt’s view of businessmen in politics with that of Steffens.
How does Plunkitt view his constituents? How does he relate to them?
How does Plunkitt account for the political corruption of his day? How does Steffens?
According to Steffens, how does corruption threaten American democracy?
How does he view politicians?What in his view is the solution to the problem of corruption?
One way to learn about the Progressive Movement in the United States is to study what the Founders believed in with the principles in the Declaration of Independence and how progressives themselves thought of the Founders and the Declaration of Independence.
What are the principles discussed in the Declaration of Independence? (Read the 2nd paragraph.)
According to the second paragraph of the Delcaration of Independence, what is the original purpose of government, and why must it derive its powers from the consent of the governed to be just?
According to Wilson’s Signers and Authors of the Declaration, what does Wilson think about the Founders and the Declaration? What does he think each generation should do?
According to Wilson’s Signers and Authors of the Declaration, was Woodrow Wilson correct in arguing that advances in science, technology, and human nature have made the principles of the Founding obsolete? Explain
According to Wilson’s “What is Progress”, does he think the Declaration and its principles work for modern times? Why or why not? What is his argument?
According to the Wilson readings, how have Woodrow Wilson’s arguments affected modern American government?
According to Coolidge’s 150th Anniversary of the Declaration, what are the three definite propositions expressed in the Declaration of Independence, and why does Coolidge believe they are essential for continued progress?
According to Coolidge’s 150th Anniversary of the Declaration, why does he call the Declaration of Independence America’s “great spiritual document”?
Compare and contrast Wilson and Coolidge. What are the major beliefs each of them holds? Which one do you agree the most with and why?
-https://teachingamericanhistory.org/document/declaration-of-independence/
-https://teachingamericanhistory.org/document/the-author-and-signers-of-the-declaration/
-https://teachingamericanhistory.org/document/what-is-progress-3/

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